E-ISSN 2578-7322
 

Original Research 


NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.

Esien David-Oku, Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa-Otteh, Godwin Christian Akuodor.

Abstract
Objective: This study was aimed at investigating the nutritional and haematological benefits of consumption of graded doses of Icacina senegalensis tuber flours.
Method: The tuber was processed by fermenting in water at room temperature (1:3 w/v,) for 3 days, thereafter rinsed in clean water and divided into two portions. The first portion was oven dried at 40oC for 48 hours and blended into flour (SD); the second was further boiled in water (1:3, w/v) for 1 hour, strained, oven dried at 40oC for 48 hours and blended into flour (SB). Six diets containing 10, 20, and 30 percents of these two flours were formulated with normal rat chow (SD10, SD20, and SD30; SB10, SB20, and SB30). Forty- two young Wister rats were divided into seven groups (n=6). Group one was fed with normal rat chow while groups 2 to 7 were fed with the respective formulated diets, for 30 days. Body weight of the animals was taken before and at the end of the feeding experiment. The animals were sacrificed and serum and whole blood samples obtained for biochemical and haematological analyses respectively, using standard methods.
Results: The results showed increased body weight (9-31g) in SD groups but weight loss (-10 to -14g) in SB groups. There were significant improvements (p<0.05) blood glucose and total protein concentrations in all the test groups. Also, there were improvements (non-significant) in red blood cell counts and red blood cell indices; while the Platelet and white blood cell count decreased significantly (p<0.05) in all experimental groups compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Icacina senegalensis tuber flours reported to contain high levels of carbohydrate, fibre and energy, caused improvement in nutritional status, RBCs and RBC indices of rodent model used. Hence the tuber can be used as a nutrient supplement for humans and livestock.

Key words: Nutritional, haematological-indices, Icacina senegalensis, Tuber flours


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

David-Oku E, Ntaji OE, Edide RO, Obiajunwa-Otteh JI, GCA, . NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. A J Physiol Biochem Pharmacol. 2018; 8(1): 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003


Web Style

David-Oku E, Ntaji OE, Edide RO, Obiajunwa-Otteh JI, GCA, . NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. http://www.ajpbp.com/?mno=1357 [Access: November 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

David-Oku E, Ntaji OE, Edide RO, Obiajunwa-Otteh JI, GCA, . NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. A J Physiol Biochem Pharmacol. 2018; 8(1): 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

David-Oku E, Ntaji OE, Edide RO, Obiajunwa-Otteh JI, GCA, . NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. A J Physiol Biochem Pharmacol. (2018), [cited November 18, 2018]; 8(1): 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



Harvard Style

David-Oku, E. ., Ntaji, O. E., Edide, R. O., Obiajunwa-Otteh, J. I. ., , G. . C. A. & (2018) NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. A J Physiol Biochem Pharmacol, 8 (1), 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



Turabian Style

David-Oku, Esien , Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa-Otteh, Godwin Christian Akuodor, and . 2018. NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, 8 (1), 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



Chicago Style

David-Oku, Esien , Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa-Otteh, Godwin Christian Akuodor, and . "NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.." American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

David-Oku, Esien , Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa-Otteh, Godwin Christian Akuodor, and . "NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.." American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology 8.1 (2018), 34-39. Print. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

David-Oku, E. ., Ntaji, O. E., Edide, R. O., Obiajunwa-Otteh, J. I. ., , G. . C. A. & (2018) NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.. American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, 8 (1), 34-39. doi:10.5455/ajpbp.20180717084003





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